Stanzel defines various types and levels of mediacy, and concludes that there are three main narrative situations: first person (when the narrator’s world is the. The Circle of Narrative. A THEORY OF NARRATIVE. By Franz Stanzel. Translated by Charlotte G with a preface by Paul Hernadi. Cambridge: Cambridge. F.K. Stanzel, A Theory of Narrative. Transi, by Charlotte in an able translation, supervised by Franz Stanzel himself, of his Theorie des Erzählens (Göt-.

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You can help Wikipedia by assisting in the translation. First-person narrators may be distant from the action uiey relate or near to and involved in it. This taxonomy is one of die great strenguis of Stanzel’s work, since he does both provide a dieory and exemplify it extensively.

Remember me on this computer. The narrator is outside the world of the characters. The theory is responsible for predicting die possible kinds of fiction — and it is narfative and makes interesting predictions even widi sharp edges.

Views Read Edit View history. Does the narrator belong to the world of the story, or does he remain in another realm of existence?

Literary Studies Literature is a luxury; fiction is a necessity. Mode distinguishes between stannzel Stanzel calls reportorial narration and scenic presentation. In fact, all narration is first-person because there is always a narrator between the reader and the story. Reminding us that “the continuity of history depends upon die infinite process of interpretation that renders die past for die future,” he would rescue history from being “merely a funerary monument” pp.


The “authorial narrative situation” is characterised by the dominance of the external perspective. The narration may be highly personalized or relatively invisible. Click here to sign up. Dominance of the reflector mode. Texts do not mean whatever die interpreter wants diem to mean.

Franz Karl Stanzel – Wikipedia

Teller Character and Reflector Character a Teller mode: This ztanzel uses cookies. Person is the category which accounts for die nar- rator: The narrator either exists as a character within the world of the fictional events of the story, or he exists outside it. No cleanup reason has been specified. Franz Stanzel set out to derive a comprehensive typology of all conceivable narrative structures.

This book is a dioroughly stimulatingjourney around fiction.

In he was offered a position as professor Ordinariat in Erlangen. And if a whole book is not consistendy anrrative diing or anodier, mat is not die fault of the uieory or the book. This page was last edited on 1 Aprilat The theory provides descriptive categories for sentences, paragraphs, and chapters, as well as whole books.

Throughout die work there are detailed analyses of die narrative structure of small quoted passages as well as whole novels. Log In Sign Up.


Franz Karl Stanzel

But when he argues diat all evidence and selection must be random and arbitrary, he opens “an abyss ofendiese interpretations” widiout significance pp.

Narrative modes overt mediacy covert mediacy indirect direct personalization impersonalization telling showing summary scenic presentation report 1. Please help improve this article if you can. The three major categories and dieir primary distinctions are arranged by Stanzel in a diagram around a circle which he calls “The Typological Circle.

You are commenting using your Twitter account. The world of the characters is identical to nxrrative world of the narrator. This biography of a living person needs additional citations for verification.

Franz Karl Stanzel born 4 August is an Austrian literary theoristspecialised in English literature. By continuing to use this website, you agree to their use.

A Theory of Narrative – F. K. Stanzel – Google Books

Kronick’s argument for constant reinterpretations can serve to keep history alive. Notify me of new comments via email. Enter the email address you signed up with and we’ll email you a reset link.

But that is not a prob- lem for die dieory if its edges are left sharp.