Semi-solid metal casting (SSM) is a near net shape variant of die casting. The process is used There are four different processes: thixocasting, rheocasting, thixomolding, and SIMA. SSM is done at a temperature that puts the metal between. In addition, the more uniform distribution of the SiCp, observed in the composites produced by the rheocasting process, delays the grain growth At the same. This paper reviews what we know, and what we do not know, about the rheology of semi-solid metals, and about practical, metal-forming processes.

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Get Access Get Access. There exists a combination of the pressure on the slab, roller speed, and initial temperature of the mixture that provides a composite microstructure which looks like a usual one.

Semi-solid metal casting – Wikipedia

Even non-ferrous dies can be used for one time shots. For aluminum alloys, typical parts include engine mounts, air manifold sensor harnesses, engine blocks, and oil pump filter housings.

Such nanocrystalline material can be used in making finished components having higher strength than castings which have a coarser grain structure. Over time, as die thermal management techniques rheocwsting, it is expected that the advantages of thixomolding will extend to automotive components. A mixture is contained in a crucible with an opening at rheocastinh bottom used to pour out the mixture for further processing. The particular distribution and volume fractions of the two phases render the material thixotropic, where its viscosity decreases with shear rate, to enable the mixture to be injected at high rates into a die cavity while maintaining laminar flow.

Semi-solid metal casting

The advantages of semi-solid casting are as follows: Going on with stirring at the stage of adding fibres prevents floccation of the fibres and promotes wetting as a result of disruption of the contaminated layer on the fibre. Suspension parts, engine brackets and fuel rails for the automotive industry are being produced in Europe, whereas examples from the USA include mechanical parts for snowmobiles and mountain bikes.


Such atomization requires protective gas use during the atomization to rheocaxting burning. Similar results were obtained by minimizing the SiC particulates-associated porosity, as this can be achieved by the rheocasting process.

This cohabitation between process and quality issues is becoming more and more problematical because of the request of increased performance in castings, in order to produce a large series of components which often have very pprocess applications.

Ageing of silicon carbide composites S.


For this method to work the material should be extruded or cold rolled in the half-hard tempered state. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Thixocasting utilizes a pre-cast billet with a non-dendritic microstructure that is normally produced by vigorously stirring the melt as the bar is being cast. Rheo casting process Figure 2: The alternative approach is to allow a rheocast billet to solidify fully, to cut it procrss into slugs of appropriate size, which are heated back to the semisolid condition when required at a later date.

Magnesium alloys for lightweight powertrains and automotive structures B. Examples are making beryllium, uranium, titanium and zirconium metals.

Upon reheating, the billet is ready to be placed into the shot sleeve of an HPDC-like machine and injected into the die cavity. For example, non-metallic materials can be added to Rheocast slurries to produce composite material Compocasting and, we believe, continuous castings can be produced by the process that are more homogeneous, sounder, and of finer grain size than conventional ingots.

This approach has been widely developed where the melted and cast magnesium ingot is ground to powder in large tonnage. Magnesium is not only a structural metal, but it is also a reducing agent, and a chemical reagent.


In thixomolding see Fig.

The Rheo Casting Process | Total Materia Blog

Magnesium is used as a reducing agent making several reactive metals from their compounds — primarily from the halides. During the past 10 years, grinding Pidgeon process crown magnesium directly, instead of from an ingot formed from the crowns, was also adopted as an alternate where feasible Jackman, Molten magnesium can be atomized to making fine spherical shape powder which was adopted for pyrotechnics and military applications. The benefits of semi-solid casting are: Casting cycle time is therefore shorter with high fraction solid casting, but more costly changes are required for the die casting machine to handle the more viscous material.

This may take place see Figure 5 between closed dies thixoforgingor by loading into the shot chamber of a die-casting machine and injecting into a die thixocasting. These billets are reheated to a temperature to melt the eutectic and inject the mostly solid mass at high velocity into the die cavity.

For the higher fraction solid material, a more powerful shot end is required on the die cast machine because of the much higher viscosity of the alloy.

Heat-affected zone Photokeratitis Residual stress Weldability. Other potential applications of the Rheocast process are discussed. This paper reviews what we know, and what we do not know, about the rheology of semi-solid metals, and about practical, metal-forming processes Rheocasting Processes which utilize semi-solid metals.

A yet third process was developed under the umbrella of semi-solid forming, called thixomolding, and has gained greater use for magnesium compared to the other two processes, which are used primarily for aluminum.